Shaw House

Shaw House, Church Road, Shaw (I).  Fine Tudor mansion, 1581.  H-plan, in characteristic Elizabethan style.  Red brick with stone dressings and old tile roof.  Basement, two storeys, and attic.  Shaw manor and mills were purchased in the 1550s by clothier Thomas Dolman I, who died in 1575; Shaw House was built by his son, Thomas Dolman II.   A date on the porch and tree-ring dating confirm it was built in 1581.  Thomas Dolman II (d.1623) was one of the Berkshire gentry, appointed Sheriff of Berkshire in 1588.  The house has stone coping, finials, and quoins, and windows with H-section stone mullions and transoms; Plinth with moulded top, and string courses between floors; Gables and parapet.  There is a central porch with Ionic pilasters supporting an entablature with a Greek inscription and a triangular pediment, above an arched doorway, with the date MDLXXXI to left side.  Interior: Mainly late 17th and early 18th century.  Possible 16th-century stone fireplace in attic; re-used probably 16th– or 17th-century panelling in 1870 long gallery.  Three rooms with 17th-century panelling and 17th -18th-century fireplaces, including the “King Charles’ Room” on the first floor to the south-east.  All other rooms with l8th-century panelling and stone fireplaces, including the great hall and the room to north-east.  Staircase hall with late 17th-century three-flight, square well staircase with 18th century rococo plaster ceiling above.  House restored 2003-2006.  Shaw House was a focal part of the second Battle of Newbury in 1644, when it was held by royalist forces, and is said to have been used as headquarters by King Charles I.

The gates to Shaw House for the approach from Church Road are listed separately (II).  The brick piers with stone coping and finials are 20th century, but the exuberant wrought iron over the entrance (the “overthrow”) is 18th-century.

The park and garden is also listed separately (II).  It includes the earthwork remains of a late 16th-century or early 17th-century garden to the east of the house, extended in the early 18th century.

Shaw Church

St Mary’s Church, Church Road, Shaw (II) (parish church of Shaw-cum-Donnington).  1840-2 by Joseph Hansom, after the complete demolition of the previous church.  19th-century variation of Norman style.   Gallery at W end on cast iron columns.  Many late 18th– and early 19th-century monuments in nave.  Late 13th-century style chancel of 1878 by William Butterfield.   Fittings of c.1878, and wall-paintings.  Good monument to Sir Thomas Dolman (d.1711) and his wife Dorothy (d.1707), of Shaw House.

Lychgate to St Mary’s with flanking walls, Church Road, Shaw (II).   Timber-framed with hipped tile roof, by James H. Money.  Central archway with traceried sidelights.  Four bays each side with Gothic woodwork, on low flint walls with stone dressings.  Erected in memory of Evelyn Agnes Marion Blackburn Maze by W. P. Blackburn Maze.

Listed tombs in churchyard.

Old Rectory

The Old Rectory, Church Road, Shaw (II).  House.  17th-century centre block with timber framed first floor and tile hung gable.  Early 20th-century mullion and transom windows.  Early 20th-century right hand block.  Early 19th-century block to left with 20th century mullion and transom window.

Vine Cottages

Vine Cottages, Church Road, Shaw (II).  Two cottages, 17th and 19th century.  Brick with timber framing.  Tile hung gable at east end.

Millers Cottage/ Shaw Cottage

Millers Cottage/ Shaw Cottage, Shaw Road (II).  These are two cottages together on the junction of Shaw Road and Church Road, close to Shaw Mill, listed as 17th and 19th century.  Tudor documents have references to a Miller’s Cottage here, and the timber-framing indicates that the older building is likely to be medieval rather than 17th century.

Barn at Shaw Farm

Barn at Shaw Farm (II).  A timber-framed barn a Shaw farm is dated at 18th-century, reusing some earlier timbers.

Shaw primary school

Shaw-cum-Donnington primary school and schoolmaster’s house, Love Lane, Shaw (II).  William Butterfield.  1875 and 1883.  Flint with brick and stone dressings.  L plan.